Clark and Springer (2007) conducted a qualitative study to examine the perceptions of faculty and students in a nursing program on incivility. Their key questions were:
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- How do nursing students and nurse faculty members contribute to incivility in nursing education?
- What are some of the causes of incivility in nursing education?
- What remedies might be effective in preventing or reducing incivility?
They gathered responses from online surveys with open-ended questions from 36 nurse faculty and 168 nursing students. Each of the researchers reviewed all comments and organized them by themes. They noted four major themes of responses:
- Faculty perceptions of in-class disruption and incivility by students
- Faculty perceptions of out-of-class disruption and incivility by students
- Student perceptions of uncivil behaviors by faculty
- Faculty and student perceptions of possible causes of incivility in nursing education
A total of eight sub-themes were identified among the faculty comments on types of in-class disruptions. Those subthemes were:
- Disrupting others by talking in class
- Making negative remarks/disrespectful comments toward faculty
- Leaving early or arriving late
- Using cell phones
- Sleeping/not paying attention
- Bringing children to class
- Wearing immodest attire
- Coming to class unprepared